A vocal fold polyp occurs as a result of voice overuse and misue and typically causes hoarsenss. A polpy is a small fluid filled lesion that often occurs on both vocal folds and gets larger with increased voice use. Because the vocal folds vibrate to produce sound, polyps cause hoarseness by impeding voice production.
The first treatment often involves voice therapy. For lesisons that are persistent, surgery may be indicated. With a patient asleep, a laryngoscope is inserted in a patient’s mouth to expose the vocal folds and a microscope is then used to enhance the view of the vocal folds. The surgeon uses very fine instruments to cut the vocal fold surface and carefully remove the polyp. This is a very delicate procedure requiring magnification of anatomy and use of fine specialized instruments for removal of lesions. Following surgery voice rest and voice therapy is very important.
If you have been diagnosed with a vocal fold polyp it is important to seek treatment with an experienced laryngologist. You may contact Dr. Sunil Verma, Director of the University Voice and Swallowing Center, atfor an appointment.